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Does Medicare Cover Weight Loss Programs?

Does Medicare Cover Weight Loss Programs?

As the population becomes increasingly health-conscious, weight loss and obesity management have become important priorities for many Medicare beneficiaries. However, navigating the Medicare system to determine coverage for weight loss programs can be confusing. Weight loss and other topics are common Medicare FAQs beneficiaries research before Medicare age. Understanding whether Medicare covers weight loss programs and the specific criteria for eligible beneficiaries is essential for those wanting to lose weight.

Understanding Medicare Coverage for Weight Loss Programs

Medicare primarily focuses on coverage for medical services and treatments necessary to diagnose and treat illnesses or injuries. In the case of weight loss programs, coverage eligibility depends on whether the program is considered medically necessary to address a specific health condition.

Medicare Part B will cover any approved outpatient service, while inpatient stays will fall under Part A. However, weight loss drugs are typically not covered by Part D plans, but you can check your plan’s formulary to verify.

Weight Loss Programs for Obesity-Related Health Conditions

Medicare Part B may cover weight loss programs for beneficiaries diagnosed with obesity-related health conditions. These conditions include diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, sleep apnea, and other obesity-related illnesses. When weight loss is deemed essential for treating or managing these conditions, Medicare may cover medical services, devices, and treatments contributing to weight reduction.

Intensive Behavioral Therapy for Obesity (IBT)

Medicare Part B covers Intensive Behavioral Therapy (IBT) for obesity for eligible beneficiaries. IBT is a structured weight management counseling program focusing on diet, physical activity, and behavioral strategies to promote weight loss. Eligible beneficiaries can receive face-to-face counseling sessions with qualified healthcare providers, such as doctors, nurse practitioners, or physician assistants.

Bariatric Surgery

Although bariatric surgery is not a weight loss program, it is a procedure many people consider when they wish to lose weight. There are a few different bariatric surgeries, such as gastric bypass, LAP-BAND surgery, and Gastric Sleeve Surgery.

This procedure has very specific qualifying and requirements, so you would want to speak with your provider about the criteria for this procedure to see if it’s something Medicare would cover for you.

Criteria for Eligibility

To qualify for Medicare coverage of weight loss programs, beneficiaries must meet specific eligibility criteria:

Body Mass Index (BMI) Requirement

Beneficiaries must have a BMI of 30 or higher to qualify for coverage of weight loss programs. In some cases, individuals with a BMI between 25 and 29.9 may be eligible if they have at least one obesity-related health condition.

Physician Referral

Medicare requires a written order from a healthcare provider, such as a doctor or nurse practitioner, recommending the weight loss program as medically necessary to treat or manage obesity-related health conditions.

Ongoing Monitoring and Counseling

For beneficiaries enrolled in the Intensive Behavioral Therapy for Obesity (IBT) program, continuous counseling sessions and monitoring are required to qualify for coverage. Beneficiaries must attend regular follow-up sessions to track progress and assess the effectiveness of the weight loss program.

What is Not Covered

It’s important to note that Medicare does not cover weight loss programs for cosmetic reasons or general weight management. Weight loss programs for individuals without obesity-related health conditions or with a BMI below 30 are typically considered unnecessary and not covered by Medicare.

Covered Services

Medicare coverage for weight loss programs may include:

Behavioral Counseling: Face-to-face counseling sessions to address eating habits, physical activity, and behavioral changes necessary for weight loss.

Dietary Counseling: Guidance from registered dietitians or nutritionists to develop personalized meal plans and nutritional recommendations.

Physical Activity Counseling: Recommendations for appropriate physical activity and exercise routines to support weight loss goals.

Monitoring and Progress Evaluation: Regular follow-up visits to monitor progress and make adjustments to the weight loss program as needed.


Medicare may cover weight loss programs for beneficiaries with obesity-related health conditions, provided they meet specific eligibility criteria and receive a physician’s referral. The Intensive Behavioral Therapy for Obesity (IBT) program is a valuable resource available to eligible beneficiaries seeking structured counseling and support for weight loss.

However, it’s essential to understand that Medicare does not cover weight loss programs for cosmetic reasons or general weight management. Beneficiaries should consult their healthcare providers to determine their eligibility for coverage and explore appropriate weight loss options tailored to their unique health needs.

As the healthcare landscape evolves, beneficiaries need to stay informed about any changes in Medicare coverage policies regarding weight loss programs. Engaging in proactive discussions with healthcare providers and seeking guidance from Medicare brokers or counselors can empower beneficiaries to make informed decisions about their weight loss journey while maximizing their Medicare benefits.

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