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Stress: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, Treatment

What is stress?: Its a state of physical and emotional tension that originated in reaction to a stimulus or pressure, either positive or negative. It is a state of defense that, in small doses, helps the body to react and adapt to events.

A typical level considered healthy and even positive since it helps stimulate people to act on the stimuli of daily life. However, when extreme or not adequately controlled, it can lead to mental exhaustion problems, such as irritability and anxiety, or psychosomatic disorders.

A psychosomatic disorder a physiological illness caused by emotional causes, generally, stress. Some of the most frequent psychosomatic disorders caused by stress are headaches, insomnia, muscle tension, digestive and heart problems, dizziness

Depending on its cause, we find different types, such as work or post-traumatic.

Also Read: Headache: Symptoms, Medical tests, Causes, Treatment

Symptoms of Stress

Stress can cause many different symptoms, both psychological and physical. The most common are:

  • Headache.
  • Bad memory.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Behavior changes and irritability.
  • Anxiety.
  • Depression.
  • Cardiovascular problems, in cases in which it lasts a long time.
  • Insomnia.
  • Aging.
  • Prolonged tiredness

Causes of Stress

There are many causes for which it appears, although not all of them have to be negative. Usually, it seems that a person faced with one or more situations that exceed their resources and are unable to overcome them, causing some emotional and physical symptoms.

There is also positive stress, which occurs when it helps the person to adapt to the environment.

Can Stress be Prevented?

Its necessary to overcome those situations that require more effort and activation, but it can prevent if there is an excess of stress.

Excess can put the patient’s health at risk, so it should be avoided for their well-being. You should not exceed your limits unnecessarily, and many times what needed is to think of other alternatives, analyzing the process from another perspective, taking different paths if necessary.

How Stress Diagnosed?

It can be diagnosed with the assessment of a professional. A series of questionnaires will be carried out, the best known being the perceived stress scale.

What is Stress Treatment?

Experts recommend treatment in cases where reducing is essential. To reduce it to the maximum, it is necessary to follow a series of guidelines or recommendations:

  • Recognize and the circumstances that trigger it.
  • Avoid wanting to manage with unhealthy habits, such as smoking or drinking alcohol.
  • Get away from the source.
  • Take a positive stance on problems.
  • Relaxation techniques.
  • Maintain a healthy and balanced diet.

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