Diet for cholesterol: The hypercholesterolemia is currently one of the most critical diseases. Having high blood cholesterol is a direct cause of cardiovascular disease. It is considered that cholesterol begins to be increased when total cholesterol is above 200 mg/dl, a situation that worsens when it exceeds 250 mg/dl. Some of the most common causes are genetic determinants (the body manufactures more cholesterol than desired and affects many members of the same family), poor eating habits (a diet rich in saturated fats and sugars, and lacking in fruit and vegetables), having obesity and diabetes, tobacco and lack of physical activity. The specialist’s inNutrition and Dietetics propose diets to reduce cholesterol levels with a healthy diet. A balanced diet, together with adequate physical exercise, improves health in every way and, specifically, the patient’s cholesterol.
Why is It Done?
When cholesterol is high, you must take good care of your diet. The first thing to correct is being overweight. Subsequently, you have to eat foods that help reduce blood cholesterol levels. And it is that diet has a significant role since foods contain a lot of cholesterol (those of animal origin and typically rich in saturated fat) and others without cholesterol, such as vegetables and legumes. , white meat, white fish, or skimmed dairy, among others. In any case, a diet for cholesterol must be balanced, tailored to the patient by the nutritionist, who will study the nutrients and vitamins that the patient needs.
What Does it Consist of?
As a general rule, a diet for LDL should be rich in:
- Fiber, since it reduces the absorption of cholesterol by the intestine
- Saturated fatty acids, as they increase good cholesterol or HDL
- Antioxidants, especially vitamin C and E
In addition, it must:
- Eat a diet rich in fruit and vegetables, consuming five servings a day.
- Consume more fish than meat. Should eat red meat a maximum of 1 day a week, white meat three days a week, white fish a minimum of 4 days a week, and bluefish two days a week.
- Eliminate the sausages with fat.
- Moderate the consumption of eggs (4-6 eggs per week).
- Eliminate saturated fats: pasta, cookies, and buns.
- Reduce the consumption of sugars as much as possible.
- Eat legumes and whole grains.
- Avoid fried foods and fat from frying.
Preparing For The Cholesterol Diet
Who must prepare the diet for cholesterol is the specialist in Nutrition and Dietetics. Cholesterol often “does not come alone” and is accompanied by weight problems and other diseases ( high blood pressure, high uric acid, diabetes, etc.). Hence, it is advisable to customize the diet as much as possible since the specialist will consider everything the patient needs before starting it, during, and after it.
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Care After The Intervention
The primary care after a diet for cholesterol should be to maintain the healthy habits acquired. The objective of any diet for cholesterol is to reduce blood levels and, in addition, to try to improve any associated pathology (diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, etc.) to make the life of the patient healthier.
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